Sabtu, 24 Oktober 2009

Agama sebagai Modalitas Terapi

Agama membuat manusia hidup bermakna, bertujuan dan mempunyai panduan. Dengan agama, orang akan berpikir positif, mempunyai kendali dan harga diri, serta mempunyai metode pemecahan masalah spesifik yang memperbaiki daya tahan mental. Individu dengan komitmen agama yang tinggi terlibat langsung dengan masyarakat luas, sehingga didukung dan diterima. Skor religius terbukti menjadi indicator hubungan baik dan harmoni antar keluarga. Kegiatan ibadah dan Tomography-Radio ligan (PET) membuktikan kepadatan reseptor 5HT1A social bersama serta berulang kali membangkitkan rasa kebersamaan dan solidaritas. Pencitraan otak dengan Positron Emision yang rendah ditemukan pada orang dengan komitmen agama tinggi yang tenang. Seorang penganut agama yang taat,cenderung bermoral terpuji,berakhlak yang baik,taat pada norma social dan mendapat dukungan masyarakat.

Secara biologis,tutur kata yang halus dan baik seperti ketika berdoa,mampu mengubah partikel air menjadi kristal heksagonal yang bukan saja indah,tetapi juga sehat. Dia bukti hubungan potensi internal manusia dengan kondisi eksternal alam semesta. Penelitian psikoneuro-imunologik menunjukkan korelasi positif langsung antara aktivitas ibadah dengan kesehatan jiwa. Kadar CD-4(Limfosit T helper) yang tinggi merefleksikan daya tahan imunologi yang tinggi ditemukan pada orang dengan skor religiusitas yang tinggi. Sholat tahajud rutin selama delapan minggu mampu meningkatkan kadar limfosit dan immunoglobulin serta meningkatkan kekebalan tubuh. Puasa Ramadhan pada dua minggu pertama meningkatkan kadar kortisol firasat stress. Namun, puasa pada dua minggu terakhir meningkatkan respons kekebalan imunologik. Mendengarkan ayat-ayat Al-Quran dapat menurunkan intensitas tegangan otot.

Religiusitas berkorelasi negatif dengan skor depresi. Pasien transplantasi jantung yang taat beribadah jauh lebih mampu bertahan hidup daripada yang tidak beribadah. Komitmen agama terbukti juga menurunkan kadar C Reaktive Protein (CRP) yang bersama IL-6 mencegah serangan jantung koroner. Peningkatan pemahaman beragama dan doa mampu menekan intensitas depresi. Skor anxietas yang lebih rendah ditemukan pada pasien yang mendapat ceramah agama dan bimbingan doa. Komitmen agama berkorelasi negatif dengan bunuh diri sehingga terapi religi digunakan untuk menekan perilaku bunuh diri.

Komitmen agama secara klinis berperan sebagai sarana promotif,preventif,kuratif dan rehabilitatif gejala depresi,ansietas,penyalahgunaan obat,serta perilaku antisosial.

Dominasi tokoh-tokoh kedokteran jiwa yang atheis dan terapi religi dilakukan oleh orang yang tidak paham agama dalam terapi psikiatri terpuruk pada jalan setapak yang diperolok-olokan. Sudah saatnya kita menaruh minat dan belajar lebih banyak lagi tentang terapi religi,yang secara empiris memperlihatkan hasil nyata dan menakjubkan.

Sumber: Pidato Pengukuhan Mohammad Fanani, Guru Besar FK UNS dalam Majalah MEDIKA No. 11 Tahun XXXIV,November 2008.

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